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New Jersey State Standards

Design-based curricula is an important aspect of student learning. Research shows that students who are exposed to technological concepts, engineering, and the design process have more positive attitude about learning in general - especially in the areas of math and science. This is the primary reason that technological literacy is an important component a the students education. Below are the relevant standards and curriculum indicators for middle-school students:

STANDARD 5.4 (NATURE AND PROCESS OF TECHNOLOGY) ALL STUDENTS WILL UNDERSTAND THE INTERRELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AND DEVELOP A CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING OF THE NATURE AND PROCESS OF TECHNOLOGY.

This standard has three equally important strands:

  • Developing students’ understanding of the interrelationship between science and technology
  • Introducing students to and expanding their understanding of the nature of technology
  • Introducing and developing students’ abilities with technological design including experiences in predicting, decision making, critical thinking an ultimately, problem solving

Building upon knowledge and skills gained in preceding grades, by the end of Grade 6 , students will:
A. Science and Technology

  1. Distinguish between things that occur in nature and those that have been designed to solve human problems.
B. Nature of Technology
  1. Demonstrate how measuring instruments are used to gather information in order to design things that work properly
C. Technological Design
  1. Select a technological problem and describe the criteria and constraints that are addressed in solving the problem.
  2. Identify the basic components of a technological system:
    • input
    • process
    • output
    • feedback
Building upon knowledge and skills gained in preceding grades, by the end of Grade 8, students will:
A. Science and Technology
  1. Compare and contrast science with technology, illustrating similarities and differences between these two human endeavors.
B. Nature of Technology
  1. Analyze a product or system to determine the problem it was designed to solve, the design constraints, trade-offs and risks involved in using the product or system, how the product or system might fail, and how the product or system might be improved.
C. Technological Design
  1. Recognize how feedback loops are used to control systems.
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